2002 PhD. Public Policy, Indiana University (Elinor Ostrom, Dissertation Chair)
1995 M.S. Political Science (concentration in International Relations), University of Idaho
1992 B.A. Government (concentration, International Relations), California State University, Sacramento
1991 Certificate in Canadian Studies, CSU Sacramento
Georgia Office of Dispute Resolution (GODR) registered mediator and trainer: General Civil, Domestic Relations; Specialized Issues of Domestic Violence in Domestic Relations Mediation.
Advanced Practitioner: Association for Conflict Resolution