Research Statement: 

Professor Aphale's research focus is in developing advanced materials for specific applications such as clean energy systems, multifunctional nanocomposites and sensor technologies. He works on developing fundamental understanding of degradation processes in materials under systems operating conditions, corrosion in presence of complex high-temperature gas environment, electrode/electrolyte interface and bulk electrochemical studies. Use of carbon based nanomaterials in developing electrodes for energy storage systems such as supercapacitor. Adjacency (interdisciplinary) area of application is in the development of biosensor platform and fabrication of nanofibrous scaffolds for artificial tissue engineering.

Research Interests:

  • Materials for clean energy technology, hydrogen and oxygen production
  • High-temperature oxidation and corrosion study
  • Fuel cells and supercapacitors
  • Carbon nanomaterials- graphene, CNTs, quantum dots


40) A. N. Aphale, M. Reisert, J. Hong, S. J. Heo, B. Hu, and P. Singh, “Capture of Trace Airborne Contaminants: Application to Electrochemical Systems,” in International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2019, p. Capture of Trace Airborne Contaminants: Applicatio, Accessed: Jun. 12, 2020. [Online]. Available:

39)M. R. Anisur, Aphale, A.; Dubey, P. K.; Hong, J.; Reisert, M.; Singh, R.; Heo, S. J.; Patil, K.; Xu, H.; Yuh, C.-Y, “Corrosion of AISI 310 and 316 in molten hydroxide under steam electrolysis conditions,” in ECS Transactions, 2020, vol. 98, no. 1, doi:10.1149/09801.0025ecst.

38)M. Reisert, A. Aphale, Y. Tsur, and P. Singh, “Preformed Oxide Scale Chemistry and Its Influence on Local Metal Loss During Dual Atmosphere Corrosion,” in TMS 2020 149th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings, 2020, pp. 635–645.

37)M. Reisert, A. N. Aphale, and P. Singh, “The Effects of Dual Atmosphere Exposure Duration and Temperature on the Growth of Iron Oxide on Ferritic Stainless Steels,” ECS Trans., vol. 98, no. 1, p. 35, 2020.

36)M.R. Anisur, Ashish Aphale, Michael Reisert, Pawan Kumar Dubey, Su Jeong Heo, Junsung Hong, Kailash Patil, Hui Xu, Chao-Yi Yuh, Prabhakar Singh, Stability of ceramic matrix materials in molten hydroxide under oxidizing and reducing conditions, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,  In press, 2020.

35)Macwan, I.; Aphale, A.; Bhagvath, P.; Prasad, S.; Patra, P. Detection of Cardiovascular CRP Protein Biomarker Using a Novel Nanofibrous Substrate. Biosensors 2020, 10, 72.

34)Michael Reisert, Viktoriya Berova, Ashish Aphale, Prabhakar Singh, Michael C. Tucker, Oxidation of porous stainless-steel supports for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 45, Issue 55, 2020.


33)J Hong, A Aphale, SJ Heo, B Hu, M Reisert, S Belko, P Singh, “Strontium Manganese Oxide Getter for Capturing Airborne Cr and S Contaminants in High-Temperature Electrochemical Systems”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, (2019),

32)SJ Heo, J Hong, A Aphale, B Hu, P Singh, “Chromium Poisoning of La1-xSrxMnO3±δ Cathodes and Electrochemical Validation of Chromium Getters in Intermediate Temperature-Solid Oxide Fuel Cells”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 166 (13), F990-F995.

31)Ashish Aphale, Junsung Hong, Boxun Hu and Prabhakar Singh, “Development and Validation of Chromium Getters for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Power Systems”, J. Vis. Exp. (147), e59623 (2019).

30)J Hong, SJ Heo, AN Aphale, B Hu, P Singh, “H2O Absorption Assisted Sr-Segregation in Strontium Nickel Oxide Based Chromium Getter and Encapsulation with SrCO3”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 166 (2), F59-F65, (2019).

29)B. Hu, S. Belko, J. Hong, A. Aphale, M. Reisert, R. Kumar, A. Dongare, P. Singh, “Carbon Resistant Electrode for Direct Utilization of Hydrocarbon Fuels in Elevated Temperature Solid State Electrochemical Systems”; 49th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2019.

28)M. Reisert, A. Aphale, D. Taylor, J. Graf, P. Singh, B. Hu, S.J. Heo, J. Hong, “Solid State Electrochemical Oxygen Separation and Compression”; 49th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2019.


27)Pamela Hitscherich, Ashish Aphale, Richard Gordan, Ricardo Whitaker, Prabhakar Singh, Lai‐hua Xie, Prabir Patra, Eun Jung Lee, “Electroactive graphene composite scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 106, 11, 2923-2933, (11/2018).

26)M Reisert, A Aphale, P Singh, “Solid Oxide Electrochemical Systems: Material Degradation Processes and Novel Mitigation Approaches”, Materials 11(11), 2169 (2018)

25)Ashish Aphale, B Hu, P Singh, “Low-cost Getters for Gaseous Chromium Removal in High-temperature Electrochemical Systems, JOM, 1-7 (2018)

24)AN Aphale*, B Hu, M Reisert, A Pandey, P Singh, “Oxidation behavior and chromium evaporation from Fe and Ni base alloys under SOFC systems operation conditions, JOM, 1-8 (2018)

23)A Aphale, MA Uddin, B Hu, SJ Heo, J Hong, P Singh, “Synthesis and stability of SrxNiyOz chromium getter for solid oxide fuel cells”, Journal of Electrochemical Society, 165(9), (2018)

22)A. N. Aphale, L. R. Narayan, B. Hu, A. Pandey, and P. Singh, “Surface Pretreatment of Alumina Forming Alloy and Its Implication on Cr Evaporation,” ECS Trans., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 57, 2018.


21)MA Uddin, AN Aphale, B Hu, U Pasaogullari, P Singh, “Electrochemical Validation of In-Cell Chromium Getters to Mitigate Chromium Poisoning in SOFC Stack” The Electrochemical Society, 78 (1), 1039-1046, (2017).

20)Boxun Hu, Sridevi Krishnan, Chiying Liang, Su Jeong Heo, Ashish Aphale, Rampi Ramprasad and Prabhakar Singh, Experimental and thermodynamic evaluation of La1-xSrxMnO3±dand La1-xSrxCo1-yFeyO3-d cathodes in Cr-containing humidified air, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (15) pp 10208-10216 (2017).

19)I Macwan, MDH Khan, A Aphale, S Singh, J Liu, M Hingorani, P Patra, “Interactions between avidin and graphene for development of a biosensing platform”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 89, 326-333(2017).

18)S Basak, SK Ghosh, VD Punetha, AN Aphale, PK Patra, NG Sahoo, “An experimental modeling of trinomial bioengineering-crp, rDNA, and transporter engineering within single cell factory for maximizing two-phase bioreduction”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 95, 818-825, (2017).

17)Su Jeong Heo, Boxun Hu, Md Aman Uddin, Ashish Aphale, Abdelkader Hilmi, Chao-Yi Yuh, Arun Surendranath, Prabhakar Singh, “Role of exposure atmospheres on particle coarsening and phase transformation of LiAlO2”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164, 8, H5086-H5092, (2017).

16)S. H. Heo, B. Hu, A. Aphale, M. A. Uddin, and P. Singh, “Low-temperature chromium poisoning of SOFC cathode,” in ECS Transactions, 2017, vol. 78, no. 1, doi: 10.1149/07801.1055ecst.

15)Y.-S. Chou, J.P. Choi, J. W. Stevenson, C. Liang, B. Hu, W. Rodriguez, A.N. Aphale, P. Singh, “Performance and Microstructure of a Novel Cr-Getter Material with LSCF-Based Cells in a Generic Stack Test Fixture,” ECS Trans. , vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 1047–1054, May 2017, [Online]. Available:

14)A. N. Aphale, M. A. Uddin, B. Hu, C. Liang, J. Webster, and P. Singh, “Chemical and structural stability of SrxNiyOz chromium getter for application in SOFC systems,” in ECS Transactions, 2017, vol. 78, no. 1, doi: 10.1149/07801.1073ecst.

13)B. Hu, A. N. Aphale, C. Liang, S. J. Heo, A. Uddin, and P. Singh, “Carbon tolerant double site doped perovskite cathodes for high-temperature electrolysis cells,” in ECS Transactions, 2017, vol. 78, no. 1, doi: 10.1149/07801.3257ecst.

12)M. A. Uddin, A. Aphale, B. Hu, U. Pasaogullari, and P. Singh, “In-cell chromium getters to mitigate cathode poisoning in SOFC stack,” in ECS Transactions, 2017, vol. 78, no. 1, doi: 10.1149/07801.1039ecst.

11)C. Liang, B. Hu, A. Aphale, W. Rodriguez, M. A. Uddin, and P. Singh, “Mitigation of Chromium Assisted Degradation of LSM Cathode in SOFC,” ECS Trans., vol. 75, no. 28, pp. 57–64, Jan. 2017, doi: 10.1149/07528.0057ecst.


10)Naresh Pendyala, Ankita Kolay, Sarode Krishna Kumar, Prabir Patra, Ashish Aphale, Avanish Kumar Srivastava and Melepurath Deepa, “Counter Electrode Impact on Quantum Dot Solar Cell Efficiencies”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8 (41), pp 27688-27700 (2016)

09)Ashish Aphale, Kapil Mahakalkar, Isaac Macwan, Ishita Mukerji, Paris Cox, Manoj Mahapatra, Prabhakar Singh, Pulickel Ajayan and Prabir Patra, “Fabrication and Experimental Analysis of Axially Oriented Nanofibers”, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 16 (3) 2668-76 (2016)


08)Ashish Aphale, Krushangi Maisuria, Manoj Mahapatra, Angela Santiago, Prabhakar Singh and Prabir Patra, “Hybrid Electrodes by in-situ integration of graphene and carbon nanotubes in polypyrrole for supercapacitors”, Scientific Reports, 5, September (2015) doi:10.1038/srep14445

07)Ashish Aphale, A. Chattopadhyay, K. Mahakalkar, and P. K. Patra, “Synthesis and Electrochemical Analysis of Algae Cellulose-Polypyrrole-Graphene Nanocomposite for Supercapacitor Electrode,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., vol. 15, pp. 6225–6229, 2015


06)M.  K. Hudait , Y. Zhu, D. Maurya, S. Priya, A. Ma, P. K. Patra, A. Aphale and I. Macwan, Energy band alignment of Al2O3 on epitaxial Ge grown on (100), (110) and (111)A GaAs substrates by molecular beam epitaxy, Journal of Applied Physics 113, 134311 (2013)


05)Li, Shanghao; Aphale, Ashish; Macwan, Isaac; Patra, Prabir; Gonzalez, Walter; Miksovska, Jaroslava; Leblanc, Roger, “Graphene Oxide as a Quencher for Fluorescent Assay of Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, DOI: 10.1021/ am302704a, Nov 2012  

04)Anwesha Bhattacharya, Jennifer Cheng, Shrinivas Bhosale, Ashish Aphale, Isaac Macwan, Prabir K. Patra and Ishita Mukerji, “UV Resonance Raman Characterization of diphenylalanine-graphene nanotubes”, Spectroscopy, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 40–47, Nov. 2012

03)S Bhosale, A Aphale, I Macwan, M Faezipour, P Bhosale, P Patra, “Computer assisted detection of liver neoplasm (CADLN)”, 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, (2012).

Book/Book Chapters:

02)M Reisert, A Aphale*, P Singh, “Observations on Accelerated Oxidation of a Ferritic Stainless Steel Under Dual Atmosphere Exposure Conditions”, in book Energy Technology, 273-281, (2019).

01)Ashish Aphale, Chiying Liang, Boxun Hu and Prabhakar Singh, “Cathode Degradation from Airborne Contaminants in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: A Review”, in book: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability, pp 101-119 (2017). DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-101102-7.00006-4